Renewable Energy

Renewable energy sources include bioenergy, solar power, wind power, hydropower, geothermal energy, and wave and tidal power. Sources of bioenergy include wood-based biofuels, energy crops, biogas and the biodegradable organic fractions of solid recovered fuels. Since there are no significant tides in the Baltic Sea, conditions in Finnish waters are not suited to the exploitation of tidal power and wave power.

Finland is one of the world’s leading users of renewable sources of energy, especially bioenergy. Renewable energy sources provide one fourth of Finland’s total energy consumption and account for more than one fourth of its power generation. The country’s most important renewable sources of energy include bioenergy – wood and wood-based fuels in particular, hydropower, wind power, ground source heat and solar energy.

Finland’s National Climate and Energy Strategy (2008)

The use of renewable energy in Finland is shaped by national energy and climate policy guidelines and EU directives and policy decisions, notably including the Emission Trading Directive.

On 6.11.2008 the Finnish government approved a new long-term National Climate and Energy Strategy, which sets out policies in detail for the period up to 2020, with longer-term policy outlines also envisaged for the period up to 2050.

Urgent need to use more renewable energy

The objective of the national energy and climate strategy is to increase the use of renewable sources of energy and their share of energy consumption. In accordance with targets set by the EU, the National Climate and Energy Strategy aims to increase the share of renewable energy in Finland’s primary energy consumption to 38 % by 2020, from a starting point of 28.5% in 2005.


Page last updated 13.2.2013

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